European Digital Media Observatory

Since its launch, the CMPF has been involved in the work of the European Digital Media Observatory (EDMO) and has been leading the policy task inside EDMO, whose activities included:

  • the assessment of the reporting of the Code of Practice on Disinformation’s signatories;
  • mapping of national and EU-level policies to tackle disinformation, reporting on relevant trends in anti-disinformation policymaking and research;
  • extensive work on the development of structural indicators to accompany the Code of Practice on Disinformation.

Current activities are related to, on the one hand, independent academic monitoring and assessment of the national, EU, and industry policies against disinformation, as well as cooperation, knowledge exchange amongst stakeholders, and on the other hand, expert support to the 2022 Code of Practice on disinformation permanent Task-force in relation to structural indicators. As part of this effort, the CMPF has produced reports that cover the definitions and policy challenges of “trustworthiness”, “issue-based advertising”, and look at the relevant case law related to disinformation.

EDMO reports

In addition, EDMO has worked on a study on platforms’ reporting (“Assessing the Signatories’ Covid-19 Reports” available at to assess whether signatories successfully applied the measures recommended by the Code, looking at the reports that were made available by signatories. The analysis of 57 so-called “Covid-19 Reports” from Facebook (11), Google (11), Microsoft (11), Mozilla (2), TikTok (11) and Twitter (11), produced between August 2020 and June 2021 as part of the “Fighting COVID-19 Disinformation Monitoring Programme”, revealed shortcomings in the processes of self-regulation, as well as transparency problems in the reporting system itself, showing that regulation, standardisation and transparency need to be understood in our new communications order with an approach that is both new and different. The analysis concludes with 14 recommendations. The analysis was discussed in bilateral meetings with the EDMO Advisory and Executive Board and ERGA.

As part of this work, EDMO has also published a report about disinformation policies and legal developments in EU member states. Building in part on the data provided by the Media Pluralism Monitor (a project by the Centre for Media Pluralism and Media Freedom, leader of Task V), the first report provided a European overview, and zoomed in on seven of European countries: France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, and Spain. The assessment was published in December 2021. A second report is focusing on Bulgaria, France, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, and candidate countries in the Balkans.

Structural indicators

At the request of the European Commission, EDMO was asked to work on a set of structural indicators, within the framework of the Code of Practice on Disinformation, that can be implemented and tested at relatively short-notice, and thus serve as an initial step towards developing a stable set of effective structural indicators. Building on the definitions and considering certain measures contained in the CoP and relevant EC documents, EDMO’s Policy Task, led by the CMPF, has developed a first proposal of structural indicators aimed at setting the scene for an advanced methodology, which should be developed in cooperation with a wider array of stakeholders and experts. The proposal has been developed also collecting the input of different experts and stakeholders, and aims at becoming a first exercise of its kind, an unicum in policymaking worldwide, and an important step introducing the co-regulatory approach of the DSA.

On policy work in the context of EDMO, the CMPF partners with the Integrity Institute, a nonprofit which has vast experience briefing policy makers on how social media works and the data that society needs from social media platforms to better understand the scale, cause, and nature of harms that can occur online.