Monitoring media pluralism in Europe: between old risks and new threats
The Media Pluralism Monitor (MPM) is a holistic tool to assess the risks to media pluralism in a given country. It is based on a set of twenty indicators covering a broad notion of media pluralism that encompasses political, cultural, geographical, structural and content-related dimensions. The risks for media pluralism are measured in four different areas: Basic Protection, Market Plurality, Political Independence and Social Inclusiveness. The indicators cover legal, economic and socio-political questions.
In 2017, the Centre for Media Pluralism and Media Freedom carried out the EU-wide implementation of the Media Pluralism Monitor (MPM2017). The MPM2017 also covers three candidate countries (the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYRoM), Serbia and Turkey).
The results of the MPM2017 monitoring exercise generally confirm the highlights of the previous rounds of the MPM’s implementation (see http://cmpf.eui.eu/media-pluralism-monitor/): none of the analysed countries is free from risks to media pluralism. The latest findings show either a stagnation or a deterioration in all of the four major areas covered by the MPM, and an increase in risk for the area of Basic protection is a particular source of concern.
In addition to the “traditional” sources of risks to media pluralism, the contemporary digital environment brings challenges. The growing dominance of a few digital intermediaries and social platforms strongly affects the news business, news distribution and audience habits. Algorithms, artificial intelligence and automation are already applied in many aspects of information production and distribution. It has opened a Pandora’s Box of opportunities, but also threats such as spread of online disinformation and hate speech, (mis-)use of personal data for targeted information, political advertising, non-transparent content moderation, net neutrality violations, to name a few.
In keeping with the event’s name “between old risks and new threats”, we will first present and discuss the latest findings of the Media Pluralism Monitor (MPM2017). Second, we will deliberate with scholars, experts, stakeholders and policy-makers from around Europe, on more recent digital-related challenges in an effort to define potential indicators to be measured, using the risk-based logic of the Media Pluralism Monitor.
CMPF staff, including director Pier Luigi Parcu, scientific coordinator Elda Brogi and researchers Iva Nenadic and Mario Viola de Azevedo Cunha will present the results of the 2017 Media PLuralism Monitor.
The MPM project is co-funded by the European Union.
List of Guest Speakers
Head of Audiovisual and Media Policy Services Unit.
Renate Schroeder is the Director of the European Federation of Journalists, the largest organisation of journalists in Europe, representing over 320,000 journalists in 72 journalists’ organisations across 44 countries. In 1993 she started working for the International Federation of Journalists (IFJ) and since 2003 she works for the EFJ. Advocacy at EU and Council of Europe level; presentation of EFJ at international meetings and fact-finding media freedom missions; project work, communication and assistance in several EFJ expert groups including on freelances, broadcasting media literacy and digital journalism, are part of her work-load in the small dynamic Brussels office.
Renate Schroeder studied International Relations and Political Science at Boston University (Bachelor’s Degree in 1988, Magna Cum Laude) and in Berlin at the Free University (Masters in 1992). Major themes during her Masters program were nationalism, integration and refugee policy.
Renate worked among other at the United Nations, New York, the research institute FAST in Berlin and the Friedrich-Ebert Foundation in Brussels before she joined the IFJ/EFJ team. She is of German nationality and speaks English, French, Italian, German and Spanish (passive).
Assoc. Prof. Ceren Sözeri is a faculty member at the Communication Department of Galatasaray University. She earned both her bachelor’s and master’s degree from Galatasaray University. She received her Ph.D. from Marmara University. She has published on political economy of the media, media policies, freedom of the press, ethical issues, besides, discrimination and hate speech in traditional and online media in Turkey. She has been the Ethical Journalism Network’s (EJN) representative in Turkey since 2015 and a columnist for Evrensel daily.